Dokument polskiej prezydencji Rady UE na Internet Governance Forum

PRESIDENCY PAPER
Internet Governance Forum
27-30 September 2011
Nairobi, Kenya

Background

In recent years, the Internet has become a vital tool for the development of knowledge-based societies and economies, a driver for growth and innovation, both in developed and developing countries. It has revolutionized practically all aspects of human life. Since its origin, the openness and transparency are key factors to its development and success. Lately, new technologies and services such as mobile devices and social networks created an unprecedented opportunity for advocating freedom of expression and opinion.

In bringing together a variety of stakeholders, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) created an open space for discussion and information sharing. Its uniqueness in having a non-decision making format and an open and inclusive participatory structure has allowed the Forum to grow in momentum in the course of recent years. Increasing attendances at the IGF meetings demonstrate that this forum continues to be perceived useful. The General Assembly renewed the mandate of the IGF for further 5 years in December 2010 recognizing its uniqueness, openness and flexibility.

This Presidency non-paper has been prepared against this background in view of the 6th Annual Internet Governance Forum meeting, which will be held in Nairobi, Kenya on 27-30 September 2011 under the theme `Internet as a catalyst for change: access, development, freedom and innovation'. This is an informal Presidency paper, with informal initial positions. The Presidency hopes that this will be a useful document to stimulate upcoming debates about Internet Governance issues and other Internet related matters.

Internet Governance for Development (IG4D)

We support the introduction of IG4D as a specific plenary dedicated for 2010 meeting and believe that it should be continued in the next IGFs. We highlight the importance of sound, coherent ICT policies for achieving development objectives at regional, national and international levels. We welcome awareness raising activities which could enhance the understanding between technology policy and its impact for development. Thus we express our support for stronger participation of development professionals in international for a dealing with ICT issues. We believe that since Internet governance is a global issue it needs a global, multi-stakeholder approach. Thus its governance should represent
all countries in its mechanisms. We are committed to the implementation of the WSIS outcomes which set up a structured, multi-stakeholder and inclusive approach for development of information society.

We express our great appreciation for Government of Kenya for hosting this year's IGF. This is the first one being held in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the development potential of the Internet is the greatest. We value the achievements of Kenya, being Africa's fastest growing Internet market, in its development and implementation of ICT policy.

Emerging issues

Mobile cellular penetration, reaching a level of 70% at the end of 2010 as statistics of the International Telecommunications Union show, exceeds any other information and communication technologies in the developing world. For many, mobile phone constitutes a first and primary tool for the access to the Internet. Though the capabilities of mobile phones are increasing they do not solve all the development issues. In the EU, in the Europe 2020 Strategy, we underlined the importance of broadband deployment to promote social inclusion and competitiveness. Recognizing its potential for the economic growth, we consider the roll-out of high-speed broadband to be also vital for development of the developing world and critical for the achievement of national, regional and global development goals including the Millennium Development Goals. We recognize the progress that has been made in this aspect since the Okinawa Summit in 2000 and the World Summit on Information Society in 2005 and we pay tribute to the efforts made by developed and developing countries in this regard as well as the various stakeholders, governments, the private sector, the civil society and NGOs, and the technical and academic communities, which provide resources, expertise and innovation. In this respect we stress the importance of capacity building initiatives which shall lead to more informed decision making and strengthened participation in internet governance process, at all levels.

Managing critical Internet resources

Due its pervasiveness and critical role in our economies the Internet has become a critical infrastructure vulnerable to cyberthreats. In May 2011, by adopting the Council conclusions, the EU Member States recalled the growing importance of protecting critical information infrastructures for society and economy. We consider that boosting the resilience of the networks is not only critical to open societies, to prosperity and future economic growth, but also to ensuring citizens' trust. Since infrastructure resilience and stability has a global dimension it is best dealt only be dealt with through multi-stakeholder cooperation and concerted efforts at global level. We believe that further and more efficient cooperation between the different stakeholders on the international level and the internationalization of resources is needed, considering the interconnectedness of information and communication technology systems, infrastructures and services. It is also important that we separate the different roles of the Internet ecosystem, an d therefore is should be should assessed carefully to what extent intermediaries should be held liable for services and the content provided by third parties, with respect to freedom of expression. The evolution of the information system we have seen since Gutenberg into tomorrow's digital highways must be developed in a coordinated and cooperative way under multi stakeholder processes where all voices can be expressed, heard and be respected.

On ICANN, we continue to uphold the importance of a secure; stable and inclusive domain name system which has global interconnectivity. We believe that special attention must be paid to all forms of attacks against the integrity of infrastructure, networks and services, including attacks caused by the proliferation of malware and the activities of botnets through the Internet. In this regard, we recognize that promoting users' awareness is of crucial importance and that international cooperation is needed on top of new technological solutions based on research and development, in order to protect critical resources, ICTs and other related infrastructure.

Security, openness and privacy

We recognize the importance of international cooperation and the need for a global approach to network and information security. We support the efforts of countries to develop cybersecurity strategies and welcome the establishment of Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) in third countries. We further support the ratification and the accession to the Convention on Cybercrime of the Council of Europe, also known as Budapest Convention, which importantly is open to signature by non-European states. We believe that for protecting the Internet as a critical infrastructure there is a need for multi-stakeholder cooperation and concerted efforts at all levels. We welcome the UK initiative to address the important issue on how all stakeholders have responsibility for their behavior in cyberspace at the London International Cyber Conference in November 2011. We are committed to working towards developing a safe Internet by improving Internet literacy and risk awareness of vulnerable groups, including children and disabled people.

Openness and transparency have always been a key to development of the Internet and its success. The Internet has become a vital tool for exercising human rights. The Internet is a crucial instrument to promote democracy and public participation. In the light of recent developments in the North Africa and the Middle East, the so called Arab Spring, we highlight our determination to support the importance of new technologies in democratization of societies. The Presidency indicates, that in parallel to the Internet Governance Forum, the Summit of the Eastern Partnership is now being held in Warsaw. We believe that all dimensions of the European Neighbourhood Policy shall benefit from the EU long standing commitment to promote fundamental rights such as dignity, freedom, equality, solidarity, citizen's rights and justice. The EU, which is the world's largest donor of development aid, will continue to work on that. We believe that it is crucial that an open Internet and human rights are integrated in the global discussions on the Internet's future and these factors should continue to be essential drivers behind the development of the Internet.

Access and diversity

We believe that access and diversity are vital for exercising democracy and fundamental human rights. Despite the unquestionable success of mobile telephony in developing world we note the disparities in access to broadband networks and its quality.

We believe in promoting access to the Internet and mobile telephony irrespective of the income, geographical location, age, gender or disability. We support the internationalization of domain names, both generic and country codes and the availability of content in local scripts and languages as being key to the multilingualism of the Internet. We express our wish that all the applicants for the new generic Top Level Domains are treated on an unprejudiced basis.

Future of the IGF

We are confident that the five IGF meetings since the World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) have fulfilled the mandate as elaborated in the Tunis Agenda. We thus endorse the provisions of the Digital Agenda for Europe which states that Europe must continue to play a leading role, in line with the Tunis Agenda, in promoting a governance of the internet as open and inclusive as possible. Drawing on the work of the Swedish and Spanish Presidencies, we:

for the IGF:

  • renew our commitment to support the continuation of the IGF, as expressed in the mandate of the IGF established in paragraph 72 of the Tunis Agenda and renewed for another 5 years in December 2010 by the UN General Assembly;
  • recognize the ability for self-improvement of the IGF through its own mechanisms e.g open consultations and the Multi-Stakeholder Advisory Group (MAG). We note that each successive meeting has drawn on the achievements of its predecessors so that it continues to be supported by multi-stakeholder community;
  • believe that the fundamental characteristics of the IGF as an open, non-binding, multi-stakeholder and bottom up forum is a fundamental basis of its success and these underlying principles and unique character of the IGF should be maintained;
  • find the IGF as a unique forum for discussion on all topics related to internet governance and Internet public policy addressing the opportunities and challenges created by the rapid development of the Internet and for sharing best practices;
  • believe that Internet governance needs to continue to evolve in line with the principles established in the Tunis Agenda such as human rights, transparency, multilateralism, democracy, inclusiveness and the full involvement of all stakeholders. These pillars are vital preconditions for the free and open exchange of views;
  • recognize the impact which the IGF exerts on the discussions at other international fora promoting the principles on internet governance as laid down in the Tunis Agenda and we look forward to its continuation along these lines;
  • we recognize the need to strengthen the influence of the IGF by encouraging its participants to carry their conclusions of the IGF discussions as inputs to other forum;
  • observe that the significance of issues discussed at the IGF has resonated throughout the world resulting in the emergence of a number of national and regional initiatives including the European Dialogue on Internet Governance (EURODIG) which in the coming year 2012 will be organized in Stockholm (Sweden);
  • consider the full involvement of participants from all geographic regions and all stakeholder groups, guaranteeing the wide range and diversity of views, as vital further success of the IGF;
  • express the need for IGF to ensure a more inclusive formula and to increase the outreach of the IGF meetings and its findings. High level of participation of policy makers and young people shall be ensured. The development of remote participation and regional hubs shall be further promoted;
  • believe that the process of appointment of the IGF chair and the Executive Coordinator should be finalized as soon as possible; in looking ahead to 2012, would like to express our gratitude to Azerbaijan for a kind offer to host the next IGF;

for the CSTD working group on improvements of the IGF:

  • welcome the current review of the working of the IGF, under the auspices of the CSTD but believe any recommendations for change, must recognize the importance of the Tunis Agenda i.e. inclusive, open, non-binding, and multi-stakeholder nature of the Forum as well as provide for equal opportunities for participation;

for the WSIS 10+ process:

  • believe that the review should not reopen previous decisions for further negotiations and stakeholders should continue to fulfill the existing commitments.We express also our support to the continuation of the Internet Governance Forum in line with the principles expressed in its mandate established in the Tunis Agenda;
  • favour an inclusive, transparent and sustainable WSIS+10 preparatory process using the existing mechanisms. We believe in the involvement of all stakeholders on equal footing and believe that the outcome of the review should focus on creating a true impact on development. The MDG process, with its target year of 2015, should be able to benefit from the findings of the WSIS+10. The review should provide assessment on how the implementation of WSIS commitments and the use of the ICTs have supported the achievement of the MDG goals and sustainable development;

for the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers:

  • continue to uphold the importance of a secure; stable and inclusive domain name system which has global interconnectivity;
  • recognize the role of ICANN in this respect, and also welcome the recent adoption by it of the ATRT Recommendations which we consider an important development in the overall context of the internet governance;
  • will continue to work with international partners in identifying (and thus implementing) further improvements in the modus operandi of ICANN and how it serves the needs of the global Internet community.